The Bread of Life Teaching, Verse by Verse
The following are just some of the eternally significant aspects of the bread of life passage to consider:
1. It is the first of the seven “I am” passages.
2. It is the longest and most in-depth teaching of the seven “I am” revelations and teachings (36 verses total; the Door/Good Shepherd passage is 30 verses; the True Vine passage is 17.)
3. It is the only “I am” passage included within Jesus’ revelation and teaching about the three phases of knowing God in the power of the Holy Spirit.
4. It is the only teaching in the gospels in which Jesus repeated specific eternal truths, including:
Jesus is the bread of life (said in various ways) – nine (9) times
Jesus came from heaven – six (6) times
God the Father sent Jesus – four (4) times
Jesus will raise up his followers at the last day – four (4) times
He who eats this bread will live forever and never die – six (6) times
Jesus’ divine relationship with His Father – ten (10) times
Note: a full list is at the end of this chapter.
5. It is the only teaching after which “many of His disciples went back and walked with Him no more” (John 6:66).
Note: a list of the disciples we know about is at the end of this chapter.
The Bread of Life Passage: An In-Depth Analysis
27 Do not labor for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to everlasting life, which the Son of Man will give you, because God the Father has set His seal on Him.”
1. Some food on earth perishes. Do not work for that food.
2. There is food that endures to everlasting life.
3. Work for the food that endures to everlasting life.
4. Jesus will give you that food . . .
5. Because the Father has set His seal on Him.
Seal, seal of approval, mark of approval
29 This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.
1. There is work of God.
2. The work is to believe in Jesus.
3. God sent Jesus (1)
32 Most assuredly, I say to you, Moses did not give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread from heaven.”
1. Moses did not give you the bread from heaven.
2. Jesus’ Father gives you the true bread from heaven (1)
3. God is Jesus’ Father.
33: The bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world:
1. The bread of God is Jesus (1)
2. Jesus came down from heaven (2)
3. Jesus gives life to the world
35 And Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst.
1. Jesus is the bread of life (2)
2. He who comes to Him shall never hunger.
3. He who believes in Him shall never thirst.
36 But I said to you that you have seen Me and yet do not believe.
1. The disciples had seen Jesus and yet did not believe.
1. The Father has given Jesus followers, saints.
2. All those followers will come to Jesus.
3. The one who comes to Jesus, He will by no means, never cast out.
1. Jesus came down from heaven (3)
2. Jesus came from heaven to do his Father’s will.
1. The will of the Father is that of all the Father has given to Jesus, Jesus should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day (1)
1. And the will of the Father is that everyone who sees Jesus and believes in Him may have everlasting life . . . (1)
2. And Jesus will raise him up at the last day (2)
1. No one can come to Jesus unless the Father draws Him.
2. The Father sent Jesus (2)
3. Jesus will raise his follower up at the last day (3)
1. Is is written in Isaiah, ‘And they all be taught by God.’
2. Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to Jesus.
46 Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from God; He has seen the Father.
1. Only Jesus has seen the Father.
2. No one else has seen the Father other than Jesus.
47 Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me has everlasting life.
1. He who believes in Jesus has everlasting, eternal life (2)
48 I am the bread of life.
1. Jesus is the bread of life (3)
49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
1. The Israelites who ate manna are dead.
50 This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that one may eat of it and not die.
1. Jesus is the bread which came down from heaven (4) (4)
2. If one eats of this bread, Jesus, he will not die (3)
51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.”
1. Jesus is the living bread (5)
2. Jesus came down from heaven (5)
3. If anyone eats of Jesus, he will live forever (4)
4. The bread that Jesus gave is His flesh.
5. Jesus gave His flesh for the life of the world.
53 Then Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in you.
1. Unless someone eats Jesus’ flesh and drinks His blood, he has no life in him.
54 Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.
1. He who eats Jesus’ flesh and drinks His blood has eternal life (5)
2. Jesus will raise up that person at the last day (4)
55 For My flesh is food indeed, and My blood is drink indeed.
1. Jesus’ flesh is real, true food indeed.
2. Jesus’ blood is real, true drink indeed.
56 He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him.
1. He who eats Jesus’ flesh and drinks His blood abides in Jesus, and Jesus abides in him.
57 As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on Me will live because of Me.
1. The living Father sent Jesus (3)
2. Jesus lives because of the Father.
3. Just as the living Father sent Jesus, and Jesus lives because of the Father, so he who feeds on Jesus will live because of Jesus.
58 This is the bread which came down from heaven – not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever.”
1. Jesus is the bread which came down from heaven (6) (6)
2. The forefathers ate the manna and are dead.
3. He who eats of Jesus will live forever (6)
62 What then if you should see the Son of Man ascend where He was before?
1. Jesus could ascend to where He was before. Jesus came down from heaven.
63 It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing. The words that I speak to you are spirit, and they are life.
1. The Holy Spirit gives life.
2. The flesh profits nothing.
3. Jesus’ words are spirit and life.
64 But there are some of you who do not believe.
1. Some of the disciples did not believe.
65 And He said, “Therefore I have said to you that no one can come to Me unless it has been granted to him by My Father.”
1. The only ones who can come to Jesus are those to whom the Father gives Jesus. The Father gives Jesus Christ to those to whom the Father wills, and only those can come to Jesus.
Stats – the number of times Jesus spoke about the main themes of this passage:
1. Jesus is the Bread of Life, the living bread, the bread of God, the bread from heaven, the bread – nine (9) times
John 6: 32, 33, 35, 48, 50, 51 twice, 58 twice.
2. Jesus came down from heaven – six (6) times
John 6: 32, 33, 38, 50, 51, 58
3. The Father sent Jesus – four (4) times
John 6: 39, 40, 44, 57
4. Jesus will raise up His people at the last day – four (4) times
John 6:39, 40, 44, 54
5. Jesus offers everlasting, eternal life – three (3) times
John 6: 40, 47, 54
6. Jesus offers opportunity to live forever and not die – three (3) times
John 6: 50, 51, 58
7. Jesus offers Himself to “the world,” to “anyone” and to “whoever” – four (4) times
John 6: 33, 51 twice, 54
8. If someone wants eternal life and to abide in Jesus, they must eat His flesh and drink His blood – four (4) times
John 6: 53, 54, 56, 57
9. Ten times, Jesus speaks about the Father and Jesus’ divine relationship with the Father – ten (10) times
John 6: 32, 37, 38, 39, 40, 44, 45, 46, 57 twice
Disciples of Jesus
1. The twelve – Matthew 10:1-5
2. The seventy – Luke 10:1
3. The 120 disciples in the upper room – Acts 1:1-15
4. Female followers of Jesus – Matthew 27:35-36; Mark 16:1; Luke 8:3:
Three in MT 27 – Mary Magdalene (also in Luke 8); Mary mother of James and Joseph; and Salome, mother of James and John, wife of Zebedee
Two more & “many others” listed in Luke 8 – Joanna, Susanna; and “many others”
5. Matthias – chosen as a disciple to replace Judas Iscariot – Acts 1:21-26
6. Cleopas – Jesus met him on the way to Emmaus – Luke 24:13-35
7. Man casting out demons who was not a disciple – Luke 9:49-50
8. Joseph called Barsabas – Acts 1